Health Lifestyle

Medical Emergency: Why Do You Need A Basic CPR Training?

Basic CPR Training Medical Emergency
Photo: diverroy / 123RF Stock Photo

Why do you need basic CPR training? Imagine a situation: someone near and dear to you is unresponsive and not breathing. You will certainly call 911 for immediate help, and it will take a while for the emergency medical help to arrive. In 4 minutes, the person’s brain will be permanently damaged due to lack of oxygen and, in just 6 minutes, the person will die. Having a basic CPR training will help you to save that person from certain death.

What is CPR?

CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is virtually the last step in saving someone whose heart is in a standstill. As a lifesaving technique, CPR attempts to immediately restart the blood flow or breathing by compressing the chest of the person. CPR is obviously an emergency procedure that is performed on a person who is no longer breathing or whose heart has stopped. CPR can have some serious aftereffects like incurable brain damages or damaged ribs, but with no CPR the patient most probably would die. Human brain cannot sustain without oxygen: permanent brain damage begins when the heart stops pumping for 3 minutes, and death occurs at 4 to 6 minutes of the heart’s inactivity. As a first-aid, CPR aims at pushing the heart so that required oxygen is pumped to the brain. Anyone can save a life by learning CPR and performing it until emergency medical aid arrives.

When is CPR Needed?

The ultimate sign is motionlessness. If a person is unresponsive, s/he might be in a cardiac or respiratory arrest. If a person does not move when tapped or asked if s/he is OK, it is essential to make sure s/he is breathing. Once it is certain that the person is not breathing, CPR becomes essential. The decision has to be made very swiftly, as a little delay will permanently paralyze the person or would lead to his death. However, performing CPR is people suffering from advanced life-threatening diseases like cancer is not recommended. Performing CPR on such patients in hospital often requires permission from immediate family members, and in such cases doctors often discuss the issue beforehand.

A Basic CPR Training Can Make a Huge Difference

A basic CPR training can seriously make a huge difference in a person’s life: you can save a person from dying. As different techniques are required to perform CPR on adults and children, a basic CPR training will help you determine what you need to do in the urgent situation. CPR literally pushes the heart and the lungs to pump blood and oxygen. As a process it involves two stages: compressing the chest to stimulate the heart and breathing the person (mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing). However, the first stage, that is pushing the chest, is the crucial one as it resuscitates the standstill heart of a person who might be in a cardiac arrest. By pushing the chest hard and fast, one can give breaths to the helpless person and save his life. The compression should be complete, and to perform effective and successful CPR one needs prior training and stamina. Persons performing CPR without prior training are recommended to do the chest compression only: rescue breathing is not recommended. The American Heart Association’s Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) urges everyone to get the basic training on CPR as first responders.

Does CPR Have Any Side Effects?

Without CPR a person would most likely die if he/she remains breathless for more than 6 minutes. The most common side effect of CPR is vomiting as the unconscious person cannot clear his or her throat. Most often the victim aspirate the object blocking the airway into his or her lungs that leads to infection. Another probable after effects of CPR is damaged or broken ribs that result from forceful pressures on the chest. The broken ribs might also injure the internal organs like the liver and the lungs. The abdomen can possibly get bloated due to the air being forced into the lungs while performing CPR.

A proper CPR training is always recommended for everyone. This article has been aimed at increasing awareness on the topic, and it has not been written by a medical professional. It is strongly recommended that the readers conduct in intensive research on CPR for further knowledge.


About the author


Business and technology have always been Sam's areas of interest, and he transformed that interest into a passion through his regular contributions on issues related to these. As an IT specialist Sam is well versed in the most up-to-date trends in the field of computer technology. He earned his Master's in Information Science from Penn State University. He writes on technology, science, business, nature, and contemporary issues.


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